Frankincense as Medicine-Truth, Myth, and Misinformation

This is an updated and revised version of my “Medicinal Frankincense FAQ” from 2 years ago. You can find the original here.  Since I have spent the past few years studying and working with Frankincense resin, essential oils, extracts, trees and harvesters, my knowledge on the subject is a little more than average. If I am considered an expert in this area it is a relative thing. I continue to learn and grow daily, as do you, as do the recognized “experts” in any field.

I mention this because as a group, we tend to be complacent, seeking and accepting authority and “expert” opinions online without question. This is one way we give away our power and effectiveness in the world.  I urge you to research and study all topics independently and reach your own conclusions. Take the time and do it right. Read the fine print. Don’t blindly trust anything you read online. Not even what I write here.

Frankincense and Cancer-What you need to know

Just in case you don’t have the patience to read all the way through, let me tell you now that the anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory Boswellic acids are not present in the essential oil of Frankincense.

In fact, in Traditional Chinese Medicine, the resin of Frankincense is “cooked” to remove the essential oil before it is added to a formula or taken internally.

It looks like the popular belief that Frankincense essential oil cures Cancer is a myth started by one of the large essential oil companies. Whether intentionally or unwittingly,  this bit of misinformation is perpetuated by companies and individuals who sell Frankincense essential oil. If you don’t take the time to drill a little deeper into their claims, links and references you can easily purchase the wrong product for your needs which will only benefit the vendors.

There are 2 types of misleading studies that are referenced by those who sell Frankincense essential oil.

  1. One set describes how “Frankincense oil”  kills cancer cells and many people assume they mean Frankincense essential oil, which is not the case. The Frankincense oil in the studies they refer to in many online shops is either a solvent extraction of whole Frankincense oleoresin that includes the Boswellic acids, or an essential oil to which the resin and Boswellic acids have been added. The essential oil of Frankincense contains no anti-cancer Boswellic acids. The only way to benefit from the Boswellic acids is to utilize the resin of Frankincense, not the essential oil.
  2. The other set of contradictory studies that claim Frankincense essential oil kills cancer are authored by a core group of people at the head of a large essential oil company.  These “studies” directly contradict the hundreds of other research papers that indicate only the resin of Frankincense contains cancer killing Boswellic acids.  Not the essential oils.  I urge you to look more closely at these studies and their authors.

 Medicine for the masses and a lucrative market for Frankincense products

With a growing, ageing western population, a worldwide increase in chronic inflammatory diseases and cancer, the need for “natural”  anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer remedies has skyrocketed the past few decades.

Big Pharma, corporations and companies that market herbs, supplements and essential oils, online advisors and private health authorities are all on board making the most of this trend. It is important to keep in mind that their primary function is to sell us products, not educate us.

Frankincense essential oil is no more anti-cancer than many other essential oils. Frankincense resin however, contains Boswellic acids which show broad anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activity in the laboratory and have been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years.

To benefit from these healing compounds one must use the resin of Frankincense. Not the essential oils. There are no Boswellic acids in the essential oil of Frankincense. In fact, powdered whole Frankincense resin has many times more Boswellic acids by weight than any essential oil of Frankincense. 

Frankincense Papyrifera ground in a steel mortar in preparation for extraction.
Finely ground Frankincense Papyrifera from Ethiopia. Used as is or a base for tinctures, oils, salves and cremes.

 

 

What is Frankincense?

A short answer is- Frankincense and Myrrh are the oleo gum resins exuded by the Boswellia and Commiphora trees respectively, 2 members of the Burseraceae plant family which is sometimes dubbed “The incense tree family”. They all have a network of resin-bearing ducts that produce and distribute fragrant oleo gum resin. When these trees are damaged the oleo gum resin rises to the surface of the tree where it dries and is collected.

Frankincense and Myrrh have been used for medicine, perfume and incense for thousands of years.  Where they grow is what I like to call the Boswellia Belt which reaches from the West coast of Africa, through the horn of Africa and southern Arabia up through India to Pakistan. There are 17-18 types of Frankincense trees at last count but only 8 or 9 of them provide us with a marketable resin.

What are the traditional uses of Frankincense?

  • Off the top of my head, a short list of traditional therapeutic applications associated with Frankincense would include- treating arthritis, rheumatism, ulcers, asthma, bronchitis, gastrointestinal disorders, tumours, cancers, infertility, moods, anxiety/depression and memory loss, improving brain function, addressing ageing skin and flagging libido.
  • Frankincense Serrata is used traditionally, whole, in powder, pill, poultice and oil,  for arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, asthma, ulcerative colitis, bronchial issues, various cancers and as an ingredient in skincare and beauty products. It can be made into an oil, lotion or creme for external applications.
  •  In Arabia Frankincense has been chewed for millennia for oral care, ulcers and general physical/mental well-being.  It has been used as an aphrodisiac and to treat infertility in both men and women. It is taken sometimes as a tea steeped in boiling water overnight and sipped during the day for inflammations, coughs, congestion, and colds.
  •  In traditional Iranian medicine, Frankincense is still consumed by pregnant women to increase the intelligence, (and bravery), of their offspring, and is generally considered to contribute to one’s mental acuity, emotional stability and spiritual clarity. It is sometimes used as a general tonic and restorative.
  • Boswellia Sacra, B. Carterii and B. Frereana from Somalia have also been used to address issues of fertility in men and considered aphrodisiacs. Arabian lore indicates that large testicle shaped Frankincense tears, (sometimes called Dakkar, from the Arabic word for masculine), are sexual tonics and aphrodisiacs for men, while pieces more vulvic in shape are believed to have similar effects on women.
  •  Though Boswellia Frereana from Somalia does not contain Boswellic acids, it is also a powerful anti-inflammatory used traditionally to treat inflammations of joints, the GI tract and arthritis. Laboratory studies show it can reduce brain inflammation due to tumours, head injuries and stroke. It kills the H.pylorii bacteria which causes stomach ulcers. It is valued as a traditional high-end chewing gum for oral and gastrointestinal health and is one of the most expensive Frankincense types available.
  •  Boswellia Papyrifera from Ethiopia/Eritrea/Kenya and Sudan, which is a source of Boswellic acids, also contains Incensole acetate which is considered a psychoactive compound that crosses the blood-brain barrier, reducing anxiety and eliciting feelings of heightened spirituality and well-being. The incensole and Incensole acetate are delivered to us when using the whole oleoresin internally, through pyrolysis, (burning as an incense as is done in many churches), and when using the diluted essential oil externally.
  •  Boswellia Thurifera from the shores of the Red Sea has been shown in the laboratory,  to increase the size of rat testicles and raise their sperm count.
  • Whole Frankincense, not the essential oil of Frankincense, has been used in the Traditional Medicine systems of Asia, Europe, Arabia and Africa for thousands of years.

What are Boswellic acids?

One group of compounds in Frankincense has shown powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity in laboratory studies. They are the Frankincense resin acids which are pentacyclic triterpenes and formally named Boswellic acids since they are found in the Boswellia, or Frankincense family. Though there are other therapeutic compounds and acid resins in Frankincense, the Boswellic acids have caught the eye of big Pharmaceutical companies who are investing in the research.

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Pure resin acids of Frankincense Papyrifera, (bottom), and Frankincense Carterii. Left behind after distilling their essential oils. This is where the good stuff is!!

 

  • All types of Frankincense are composed of varying proportions of water-soluble gum,  resin, and essential or volatile oils. These resins and volatile oils are lipophilic, (Fat soluble), and mostly dissolve in vegetable oils, alcohol and petroleum distillates.
  •  Resin acids make up most of the resin portion of these oleo gum resins and Boswellic acids are the main type of resin acids found in Frankincense. These resin acids make up the non-volatile portion of Frankincense, which means they cannot be distilled or found in the essential oil of Frankincense.
  •  Boswellic acids have been found to inhibit leukotriene synthesis and act as anti-inflammatories. They modulate/regulate the behaviour of Leucocytes which are one of the body’s responses to trauma which create inflammation and subsequent pain.(http://bme.virginia.edu/ley/). This makes them valuable in the management of pain.
  •  Boswellic acids have been shown in studies to be anti-prolific and may also cause apoptosis, (death), in a wide variety of cancer cells in the laboratory. There is, however, little “In vivo” research at this point. They need to be tested on people.
  •  Though one resin acid in particular, AKBA or acetyl-keto-beta boswellic acid has been the focus of anti-cancer studies, it is only one of many resin acid compounds in Frankincense that have their role to play and indeed likely play more effectively together than separately.
  • To be clear, if a little repetitive, Boswellic acids are only present in the resin portion of these oleo-gum-resins, not their essential oils. Though all essential oils have therapeutic properties, the essential oil of Frankincense contains only trace amounts of Boswellic acids.    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boswellic_acid. You can literally knock yourself out with Frankincense essential oil without getting a meaningful amount of Boswellic acids.

Boswellia-Frankincense-Comparison-1024x7682

 

Which types of Frankincense contain Boswellic Acids?

So far, research has shown the resins of the following species of Frankincense contain Boswellic acids.

  • Boswellia Carterii-Somalia
  • Boswellia Sacra-Arabia
  • Boswellia Serrata-India
  • Boswellia Papyrifera-Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda.

It is more than likely that most other types of Frankincense contain Boswellic acids. Many have not yet been studied or analysed.

In my opinion, there is no one type of Frankincense listed above that is therapeutically “better” than the other. They mainly differ in their volatile oil composition which contributes to their different aromatic profiles and has nothing to do with their content of resin acids. 

How can we best use Frankincense and the Boswellic acids for their therapeutic properties?

To benefit from the therapeutic actions of the Boswellic acids, we must work with the oil/alcohol soluble resin portion of Frankincense. Here is a list of products that will deliver the Boswellic acids with instructions for preparing your own.

  • An oil infusion/extract of Frankincense, since the resin is lipophilic and dissolves in warm oils. a 1;3 infusion of Frankincense in warm oil is an excellent topical application and can be taken internally if it is prepared with good quality vegetable oils.  This makes an excellent base for a Frankincense rejuvenating “Serum” or creme and salves for arthritis and painful joints, See how to make your own here-
  • A resin extract of Frankincense. This is a Frankincense product created by washing away all the water-soluble gum and evaporating some of the essential oil. This is also the product that is left over after steam and hydrodistillation of Frankincense. This pure resin is often thrown away because everyone is so obsessed with the essential oil of Frankincense. It can be powdered and taken internally or dissolved in oil for topical use. It has a higher concentration of Boswellic acids but also delivers the rest of the therapeutic resin compounds which haven’t gotten into the spotlight yet. See instructions for preparing a resin extract here-
  • Powdered whole Frankincense, can be taken internally to deliver the Boswellic acids in their natural form. Studies show that the Boswellic acids are absorbed to a much greater degree in the blood when they are consumed with fatty or oily foods.  Remember, as mentioned above, the resin acids are lipophilic and dissolve in oils. The presence of oily food in the stomach facilitates the breakdown and absorption of these resins in the body. I personally take 1/2 to 1 level teaspoon of finely powdered Frankincense with food 3-5 times a day when needed. See instructions for making your own powder here-
  • A Boswellic acid extract.  There are a growing number of extract brands on the market. I can’t recommend one over the other.
  • An alcohol tincture of Frankincense. A tincture can be taken directly, or added to food or beverages. A tincture of Frankincense made with 96% alcohol will deliver the resin and essential oils of Frankincense while a tincture that has a lower alcohol content will contain a relative proportion of water-soluble gum. Each has its benefits. Be aware that Glycerin does not act as a solvent for the resin and only an alcohol tincture will contain the important bits.  Learn how to make different tinctures from Frankincense here.
  • A tea, or “Aqueous solution” of Frankincense is a traditional home remedy in some parts of Arabia. Though water does not dissolve the resin portion, the grounds left over after infusing Frankincense overnight are often consumed. You can find instructions for making a Frankincense tea/infusion here-

Ethics and sustainability of our medicinal and aromatic plants

  • I’m really glad you asked. We are quickly losing our aromatic and medicinal plants around the world through mismanagement. If we don’t start addressing this, future generations will have no Frankincense or Myrrh.  If we made educated and responsible choices as global consumers, we could have a huge impact on the world, improving the environment, the health of our flora and fauna and the quality of life of those who tend to this big Apothecary’s garden that supplies all our natural medicine. This can happen lightning fast if enough of us care to make a difference.

The demand for Frankincense essential oil is putting an increasing stress on the trees that produce them and on the harvester communities that collect them.

The increased market demand for these medicinal and aromatic oleoresins is already exceeding the amount trees can comfortably supply in some areas.  Over-harvesting, improper harvesting methods, agricultural encroachment, fires and grazing animals, have reduced the number of mature trees in the wild,  the viability of their seeds, and the ability of trees to reproduce. If I recall correctly, seed germination rate has fallen from 81% to 18% in over-tapped trees. This is alarming.

There are areas in Kenya, Somalia and Namibia where Frankincense and Myrrh trees are not tapped and the oleoresins are sustainably collected. These are traditions and practices that need to be encouraged especially through preferring these sources to those where trees are heavily tapped.

Another critical issue that we are ignorant of is the quality of life of the harvesters. These often remote and isolated communities are the true stewards of our medicinal and aromatic resources. In many communities, these trees are an integral component of socioeconomic structures and are treated with reverence and respect. These are the traditions and communities we need to encourage and support.

Frankincense and Myrrh trees are extremely easy to propagate. Large branches will spring into root with barely a word of encouragement. Planting and stewarding new trees in the wild would ensure a sustainable and lucrative future for the harvesters and guarantee the consumer an ethical, fair trade and sustainable product. How perfect is that!

The market for Frankincense and Myrrh resins and essential oils is only going to grow. We need to apply a little forethought and foresight now in establishing conservation and stewardship programs before it is too late.

There are many ways you can contribute to establishing healthier trade in these resins. Foremost by educating yourself, making informed choices and informed purchases.

Ask your supplier whether their Frankincense is sustainably harvested and fairly traded. If we all demand this from our herb and resin providers they will do their best to comply.

Dan

28 Comments

  1. God’s Precious Blessings to you, Mr. Dan Riegler, for your dedicated work to help ALL people in this world to reach enhanced health levels due to your shared knowledge! You are a very kind gentleman who is TRULY being used by God!

    I am NOW an active, energetic and resilient 62 yr. old black woman after 3 yrs. ago being diagnosed and treated for high blood pressure. My diet THEN was HORRIBLE to say the least! I was overweight, was taking no vitamins, not drinking adequate water & because I wasn’t aware of my condition was even adding salt to my cooking.

    Since then I have been on an amazing diet which I’ve lost over 50 pounds, went from 4 meds to only 2, went from A1c of 6.5 down to 6.0 and still working to reach and maintain 5.6, cholesterol levels becoming really good because of the changed diet and for the first time in my life, “Thanks to God,” I have kept the weight off!!!

    Still doing research to improve my health even more, I ran across your site first, and then ran across a YouTube video by a young man by the name of Raqib Zaman “smelling the aroma of” and “chewing the Frankincense” which turns into chewing gum as all of those “wonderful medicinal benefits” are swallowed down your throat! 😊 Oooh, oooh, I said to myself, “I definitely want to try that!!!” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HkR2umYRKZg.

    So, if you would be so kind, my questions to you, Mr. Dan Riegler, are: (1) how much of this should I chew each day? And (2) should I only chew a small piece all day to get ALL of the “wonderful medicinal nutrients” out of it before throwing it away?

    1. Hi Dale.
      Thank you for your kind words.
      You have certainly come a long way on your personal journey and transformation!
      To answer your questions, I believe moderation is always key to healthy choices and I suggest chewing at the most 3-4 pea-size pieces of Frankincense a day. Some types of Frankincense will last many hours and other types will break down during mastication. I think an hour or two of chewing one piece of Frankincense is sufficient. If the Frankincense breaks down with mastication you can chew it till it is gone. If there is less water-soluble gum in it, it will keep it’s form indefinitely. I wouldn’t throw these pieces out though, they are still full of goodness and can be saved and used as fragrant incense or accumulated and eventually dissolved in warm oil to make an aromatic and, therapeutic balm or salve.
      Dan

  2. Your teachings are amazing! I made a salve, using Boswellia Carterii resin, following your instructions to melt the resin…wow!! it has helped my mother in law with her knee pain, my husband with his nail fungus, and a few others that i randomly gave out for other pains. It has been a fascinating learning journey.

    I live in the USA but am born and raised in Mombasa, Kenya. Next time I go, I will visit the Somali market there and find out more on frankincense

  3. Thanks for putting this all together. I’ve been taking Sacra resin from Oman to help with , and reduce inflammation. Haven’t tried powdering it, but instead I’ve been eating the gum slowly throughout the day. I did some research before trying this, but so glad to have found this site which I am really loving because for the detailed and clear information, and the sustainability/fair trade aspect. I do seem to be having some success with the resin, though it is early days. Do you have any info or advice about just eating the gum/resin. I’ve got used to the taste now and quite enjoy it. It would be interesting to hear your thoughts on chewing resin; I’ve read it has been practised for many years. Many thanks

    1. Hi Helen.
      Yes, chewing the resin for oral and overall health has been practised for hundreds if not thousands of years in many cultures.
      I think you are on the right path and if I was to add any advice I would only say keep it up, use it consistently and pay attention to its effects over time. If you find it does help, you could also explore other methods of using the resin such as Frankincense tea or taking powdered Frankincense daily. Keep clear notes, listen to your body and cultivate your own personal daily regime.
      Dan

  4. Thank you for the wonderful info on Frankincense. I truly appreciate it. I have some frankincense resins but they are over five years old. Still smells wonderful but is it still useful? Also I am a birth doula and I’m very curious about the Iranian women chewing on the resin while pregnant. Everywhere online I see caution against the essential oil but nothing about the resin. I would love it if you could direct me to an source to gain more wisdom, knowledge and understanding of the use of frankincense resins during pregnancy because it seems like the frankincense resin adapts to situations that would supports healing wherever and whenever it is needed.

    1. Hi Jerri.
      Your Frankincense resin is likely still in great shape and eminently useable, especially if you still detect an aroma.
      It takes a long time in harsh conditions for it to deteriorate in any meaningful way.
      Using the whole natural resin of Frankincense, one bypasses the danger of taking highly concentrated essential oils internally.
      The only source I know of more information on the topic of Women’s health, Pregnancy and Frankincense consumption is online where you might find some pertinent information.
      Here are links to studies I have collected over the years. There may be new information online, but these should get you started.
      If any of the links don’t work please let me know and I’ll see what I can do from my end.
      Dan

      http://mag.shmu.ac.ir/library/upload/article/af_49933924-1-9.pdf
      http://www.jourlib.org/paper/2094439
      https://en.irct.ir/trial/23161
      http://ijogi.mums.ac.ir/article_10232_b044b5345fb0bc59b8c29cd2c8e54edc.pdf

  5. Hello! I read in a comment previous to mine that if you had cancer, you would take frankincense in powder form. Why powder form as opposed to utilizing your method for frankincense extract? Thanks!

    1. Hi Colleen.
      Thank you, that is an excellent question!
      First of all, for me, this is an exploration with so much yet to discover about the medicinal benefits of Frankincense that there is little that is definitive and incontrovertible.
      I don’t know that taking the powder is more or less effective than taking the infused oil.
      However, my theory, (currently), is that the water soluble gum that is present in the whole Frankincense may be of benefit and serve a purpose that we are missing in our pursuit of the isolated, proven active compounds in our natural medicine. A type of pharmaceutical purism that may be blinding us to the benefits of using the whole plant material.
      It strikes me that the compounds in the water soluble gum may help create an emulsion in our digestive system when the whole Frankincense is taken as a powder. If so, I wonder if this emulsion might facilitate the breakdown and absorption of the oil-soluble resin acids in the bloodstream.

      When Frankincense resin comes out of the tree it is a thin white liquid. Its colour is what gave it its name Levonah in Hebrew and Luban in Arabic.
      It has a white colour because the fresh Frankincense is an emulsion, a homogeneous, colloidal blend of the oil soluble resin and essential oil with the water soluble gum.
      My theory at the moment is that the water soluble gum still has all the compounds that created the original emulsion and that these compounds can be reactivated in part or whole to create an emulsion in our digestive tract that can be more easily broken down and absorbed by our bodies.
      This emulsion is seen when a traditional overnight Frankincense infusion is made and may indicate why a water-soluble infusion can be of benefit when the medicinal compounds in Frankincense are all oil soluble.
      (I think this can only work with the types of Frankincense that have 20% to 25% water-soluble gum in their composition and wouldn’t work with Boswellia Frereana and the Frankincense types that are pure oleoresins with no gum.)

      In short, I honestly can’t say that ingesting the powder is more efficacious than ingesting the oil extract. They both deliver the Boswellic acids.
      There simply has not been enough research done on the subject, or the comparative absorption rates of the two methods.

      Personally, I like the utility and ease of taking the powder, while my theory about reactivating an oil/water emulsion in the body keeps me powdering more Frankincense.

  6. O for a thousand tongues to sing my Great Redeemer’s praise for blessing you to carry this information to us. Thanks a million and continued guidance.

  7. Hi Dan, thank you for such wonderful information.
    I have Boswellia carterii which I am going to do a resin extract from. I was reading and following through your method last week and have since purchased a pan and sieve for the process and now I can’t find the photos, is it me or have they been taken down?

    Kind Regards
    Marilyn

    1. Hi Marilyn.
      There have been some glitches with the Apothecary’s Garden website. I haven’t sorted them all out yet, but I think I got the link for the resin extraction process back up. It is in the top drop-down menu again and titled-Tapping into Frankincense and its Boswellic acids-an easy extraction method. Please let me know if you have any difficulty accessing it or any of my other pages.
      Thank you for your patience.
      Dan

      1. Thanks Dan, I found the process minus the photos but I should be able to tap into the memory and have a go.

        Kind Regards
        Marilyn

      2. Hi Marylin.
        Looks like a few links on the blog are broken. I apologize for the inconvenience!
        I have repaired the two above mentioned posts and you can find a direct link to the visual walkthrough of making a resin extract from Frankincense here-https://fairtradefrankincense.com/2016/11/20/extracting-the-resin-and-boswellic-acids-from-frankincense-a-visual-walkthrough/
        Thank you for your patience.

  8. I was diagnosed with stage IV breast cancer. I would like to take ansnuae Frankincense. What’s the best way for me to use it to attack cancer?

    1. Hi Belinda.
      I am in no way a health care professional so I can’t advise you on your health issues. That being said, if I was in your position I would likely take a powder of one of the 4 Frankincense types that has Boswellic acids. (Boswellia papyrifera, B. Carterii, B. Sacra or B. Serrata).
      I would take a half to 1 level teaspoon with food 3-5 times a day. I would start slow and see how my body responded to it, and if all was good I would start upping the dose. The finer the Frankincense is powdered the more easily the Boswellic and other resin acids will be absorbed in the body.
      I hope this was of some help. Best wishes on your journey with this and if you have any further questions please let me know.
      Dan

  9. Dan ive followed you from beginning i got tired fighting with doterra and youngliving and there many sheep where the whole flock was blind .you are in my mind one of the best sources of information on resins not just frankinsence a true keeper of the wildcrafts your page encouraged me to dig deeper because i knew you spoke the truth nearly 2 yrs bashing the stoopid greedy corporate personalitys out them
    Thank you brother from scotland
    Hope you and your family are well
    Vincet veritas

  10. Hey Dan, I’m moving from the US to Malindi, Kenya later this year and I’m extremely excited to be at the heart and home of frankincense. Do you have any recommendations about places to pick up some quality frankincense?

    1. Hi bailey.
      Sounds exciting! I hear Malindi is gorgeous!! Though I more familiar with Northern Kenya, I hear there are some excellent resin vendors in Mombasa among the Somali merchants. Best of luck with your move!!

  11. Good information and I have a question. I have been making a cannabis infused coconut oil for use as a base for an external salve or balm. Used for pain as my wife and I both have arthritis, it is legal in my State. I make this in the Magical Butter Machine as I find less clean up and I can play with smaller batches than if I use a crock pot. I have been using Essential oil of frankincense and Myrrh in the salve plus other oils. I believe when we use plant material we need to use the whole plant not just a distilled oil.
    If I put finely crushed frankincense and Myrrh resin (powered) in my mixture when I start the cannabis infusion will I get a good extraction of the Boswellic acids? I cook at 160 deg for four hours let set over night and cook a second time, then filter while still hot. Thank You

    1. Hi James.
      Absolutely! This is a perfect way to add the therapeutic compounds present in Frankincense and Myrrh to your oil. Even an oil made exclusively with Frankincense seems to work wonders on Arthritis.
      And you are correct in assuming the essential oil of these resins will not deliver all their therapeutic properties to your blend. The finer you grind the Frankincense and Myrrh, the more readily they will give up their resin compounds.
      Dan

  12. Thank you thank you for putting your clear love of this sacred tree into words so that we may learn from this information. If you ever feel like taking some passionate herbalists and tree lovers to Africa please do let me know as I’d love to meet these beings in person. Blessings and thanks again!

    1. Thank you Gina.
      I hope to organize a group trip to Kenya in the next year or so. I have started a list of people who have expressed an interest in joining me and have put your name on it.
      Dan

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