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An Update on Wild Mushrooms and Apothecary Stuff

Wild Mushroom Hunt Gorgeous Fall colours Dundas escarpment

That predictable seasonal shift from garden and woods, to study and laboratory progresses like clockwork. A lot has been going on in the study/lab the past few weeks.   Planting, growing, harvesting and hunting lead to new materials for extractions, tinctures and distillations indoors. Frankincense extracts and Anti-aging creme, Reishi mushroom tincture and extract, a Stinkhorn Perfume tincture, and a Wild Ginger essential oil distillation will finally get my full attention once Nature isn’t calling me out to play as often.

Winter work-Wild Mushrooms,Wild Ginger and Frankincense are transformed while the sun ebbs and waxes again.
Winter work-Wild Mushrooms,Wild Ginger and Frankincense are transformed while the sun ebbs and waxes again.

H
I have to admit, that with a certain amount of guilt, (and glee!), I have snuck out to the woods on my own the past couple of Saturdays.  Quietly, and without making my usual public Facebook invitations to the community, asking you all to join me for fall wild mushroom hunts, or for volunteer work in the garden. Not that any of the past Saturday outings with participants has been anything but a delight, but I have enjoyed that feeling of freedom that playing hookey gives one. I have been at the Apothecary’s Garden at Churchill Park pretty much every Saturday morning at 9:30, since early spring.
The fall rains and whipping winds, coupled with the stunning autumn colours of our gorgeous escarpment, the fragrance of the moist soil and decomposing leaves, have made these outings wonderfully nourishing to my soul.

Fall Vista-Hamilton Mushroom Hunt 2013
Fall Vista-Hamilton-Mushroom Hunt 2013

Gratitude and special thanks go out to every one of the wonderful people in our community who have supported the Teaching Gardens, The Apothecary’s Garden and Labyrinth. All those who came out in the spring to help open the garden, the summer weeders, the Labyrinth builders, and those who so kindly donated plants from our wish list, all of which are thriving. The list of  contributors is too long to recite here but needless to say, there would be no teaching gardens without your support!!

That being said, there is one final event upcoming in the Apothecary’s Garden. The official closing of the garden for the season. The season’s growth must be cut down and composted, Lavender bushes and other tender perennials mulched to keep them safe through the winter, and the garden needs to be tucked in, and put to bed. While I am happy to do this on my own, I would feel honoured if any one of you would join me in this seasonal ritual. A beginning and an end to all things. And just as important as the spring opening of the gardens with all its excitement and anticipation, is the winter closing of the beds. A few extra hands with pruners and wheelbarrows, a couple of bales of hay for mulch, some hot tea and a little closing ceremony of gratitude for the year’s bounty, would be ideal. The weekends of the 9th of November or the 16th are looking good for this. I will leave it to Mary Louise Pigott to work out the timing and pass the word beyond this post. I sincerely hope to see you all there.

Here is a glimpse of a few of the seasons Wild Mushrooms. (Still no Blewits, Dohh).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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One last Wild mushroom Hunt

To Blewits and Beyond, the last Wild Mushroom Hunt

 

Wild Mushroom Hunt Dundas Ontario
Wild Mushroom Hunt

What a pleasant surprise!!

Last Saturday’s Wild mushroom hunt was a wonderful success with a great turn out, including visitors from Delhi, Selkirk, and Hamilton!

Though this time around we didn’t find many edible mushrooms, we did find  medicinals and some perfect specimens. Both the mushrooms we captured, and those that evaded us, sparked conversations on multiple topics. Needless to say, the morning

Turkey Tail Mushrooms, vertical.
Turkey Tail Mushrooms, vertical

whipped by before we noticed.

Treeborn Puffballs past their prime, but beautifully arranged
Treeborn Puffballs past their prime, but beautifully arranged

 

Everyone came back to the Apothecary’s study, (The  Apothecarium?), after our mushroom hunt, to experience “Oceans of Potions”. To see, smell, taste and talk about some of the healing and fragrant products that can be created with the seasons bounty.

Hunting for Wild Mushrooms reminds me a bit of trying to find cool items at Value Village, you just have to keep going back, often leaving empty-handed, and eventually, you’ll find what you’re looking for. You can’t just go once and expect to hit the jackpot.
Though the weather is cooling down and we are almost into the negative numbers Celsius, it’s still possible to find some delicious Wild mushrooms. In particular Bluets, Blewitts, Blewits or Bleuetes, however you wish to spell it. Lepista Nuda, Clitocybe Nuda, or Wood Blewit, is a substantial, meaty, delicious gourmet wild mushroom that is only found when the weather cools down, often well into November. They are entering their prime now, ( wherever they are hiding!), so it probably worthwhile to go out one more time and see what we can find.

 

Clitocybe nuda
Clitocybe nuda (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 Blewits have a unique, firm texture that makes them perfect for stews, sauces, pickling, and the usual sautéing and frying.  A very versatile Mushroom. When blanched, they can be frozen and kept for months. As pickles in a savory marinade, their crisp and fleshy texture is ideal. They can be breaded and pan-fried, or roasted in the oven with butter, garlic, and your vegetables of choice.

The distinct Lavender to purple colour of these mushrooms, combined with their size, and appearance so late in the season, makes these unusual wild mushrooms unmistakable, and a fairly safe bet for even the novice wild mushroom hunter. If anyone comes across some lavender mushrooms over the next few weeks, feel free to text me a photo at 905-541-2956. I will gladly confirm their identity for you, and share some tips for preparing and storing them.

The Apothecary’s Garden can be put to bed, and tucked in for the winter, anytime over the next few weeks. There is no rush, it’s not going anywhere, and it is definitely a better use of these last pre-winter days to go out one more time and see what we can find.

So,,,, i know it’s last-minute, it is already Friday, and cutting it close for those who like a few days notice to juggle a busy schedule, but,, I only discovered today, that we are going for one more Wild mushroom hunt. Tomorrow!     

        So let’s consider this a formal invitation for anyone who missed the past two mushroom hunts, or anyone who would like to join me again for one last hunt on our trails.

   Come join me this Saturday morning ,(26th), at 9:30 AM at the Apothecary’s garden, The Teaching Gardens, Churchill Park, and we will go a hunting one last time.

Let’s not give anyone the opportunity to tell us we “Blewit” this year, and missed our wild mushroom window.

Hope to see you there!!
Dan
P.S. There is no charge for participating in the Mushroom walks.

 

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Stumbling over Wild Mushrooms

Wild Mushroom Hunting

 

 Wild Mushroom picking; illustration to III tome &qu...

Wild Mushroom picking; illustration to III tome “Pan Tadeusz” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I know I do go on about what a bountiful year it is this time round. It is true though. I,m fairly certain I am not the only one to notice that the wild fruit are begging for a bowl or blanket under their branches,and that one literally stumbles over wild Mushrooms to get to them!

 

 

 

The Perfect Cornucopia, Wild Raspberries, Dundas Ontario
The Perfect Cornucopia, Wild Raspberries,
Dundas Ontario
Wild Raspberries, First hunt and harvest Dundas Ontario
Wild Raspberries, First hunt and harvest Dundas Ontario

 

 

I have had a passion for wild mushrooms since the early 80’s. Most of my successful mushroom hunts have been far outside the city. The further from metropolitan Hamilton, the better it has seemed. This year is proving to be an exception.

 

This year, I can’t harvest wild herbs without encountering wild mushrooms along the way. Not just encountering them, but coming across a surprising variety of fabulous Funghi. 5 or 6 different types of sponge pored Boletes, some edible and delicious, some I have never met. Lovely healing shelf mushrooms galore, Coral mushrooms, puffballs and earth stars. Amanitas and more Amanitas. Besides the story book and fairy tale yellow, red or orange capped and white speckled Amanita Muscaria that has become a symbol of wild mushrooms one should not eat, I have come across quite a few other types of Amanitas that could very well be delectable. Yet knowing the deadly toxicity of some Amanitas, it is simply not worth the risk consuming even a nibble without a thorough and proven examination of mushroom” keys”, discerning differences including spore prints and if possible microscopic analysis of spores.

 

A beautiful flush of healing wild Reishi Mushrooms Dundas 2013
A beautiful flush of healing wildReishi Mushrooms Dundas 2013
wild mushrooms-Amanita Muscaria
wild mushrooms-Amanita Muscaria

Though I feel a bit of a loss that so many beautiful specimens will not meet my taste buds, there are some reliable types that abound in quantities that would make the collection worthwhile and provide enough of a harvest to share with others and even save for a snowy winter day.

 

Amanita muscaria mushrooms in a group
Amanita muscaria mushrooms in a group (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Unknown wild mushroom Princess Point Hamilton 2013
Unknown wild mushroom Princess Point Hamilton 2013

Chantrelles abound this year in most wooded areas around Hamilton, and should keep coming till the fall in mixed woods. These are easily recognized, do not have many, if any deadly lookalikes, they stay awhile on the forest floor, keep well in the fridge and lend themselves to many  dishes. A good line up all round.

 

Wild Mushrooms-Chantrelles Princess Point Hamilton 2013
Wild Mushrooms-Chantrelles Princess Point Hamilton 2013
Wild Mushrooms-Chantrelles Princess Point Hamilton 2013
Wild Mushrooms-Chantrelles Princess Point Hamilton 2013

Most mushrooms fall into one of 3 cooking categories ,

 

  • Soft and fleeting like Shaggy Mane Mushrooms.
  • Firm and lasting like most mushroom types we can purchase fresh at the supermarket.
  • Too tough to eat, as most shelf mushrooms are.

Though this may seem to eliminate shelf mushrooms from any kind of collection, the opposite is actually the truth. Many shelf mushrooms are full of incredible healing potential. They release their medicinal constituents readily into the hot water of a soup stock or a tea, an alcohol/water tincture, or an extract, often along with a wonderful flavour, and there are not a lot of really poisonous shelf mushrooms. You should still be very careful and make sure you have done a thorough identification of any mushroom before you ingest it or imply someone else should. Or, get the input and guidance of someone who has knowledge and experience you can trust.

 

http://www.medicalmushrooms.net/                                                                                     http://www.begellhouse.com/journals/medicinal-mushrooms.html

 

Reishi mushrooms, A.K.A. Lingh Zhi, or Ganoderma, ( G. “Lucidum” in the Orient and G. “Tsuga” in our area), are some of the healthiest and most famous medicinal mushrooms that exist in the forest. They have been held in the highest esteem for centuries in the east and their medicinal properties are well researched, (See links above). If you are lucky enough to come across our eastern north American variety which grows only on trees of the Tsuga species, you have found a treasure. This is especially the case if you get to them just as they are fruiting and know them well enough to harvest their tender flesh before they mature into their familiar glossy red-painted, (woody/hard), shape. If you get to them early enough, you will be able to reap their extensive health promoting benefits in a succulent form that has the consistency and taste of tender chicken or pork! Really! It is quite a remarkable and rare delicacy!!

 

Wild Mushrooms, Reishi- Ganoderma Tsuga- Hamilton 2013
Reishi- Ganoderma Tsuga- Hamilton 2013

However, that being said, at the time of writing this post, the Reishi mushrooms have already passed that tender delicate stage and are well on their way to declining, having for the most part dispersed their spores. Mushrooms are the fruit of the species and spreading spores is their function and purpose in life. This leaves us with an abundance of Chantrelles that we can collect, cook, pickle and share without worrying too much about poisoning ourselves and others.

 

Chantrelles are firm enough to pickle. There is no great secret to pickling mushrooms, though it would not be a true pickle via fermentation and lactic acid like cucumbers to pickles and cabbage to sauerkraut, with salt, but more of a marinade in vinegar. The key is to give them long enough of a blanching to kill any organisms that may be present, but not so long to lose their firmness.

Small  wild mushrooms pickled or sauteed

Personally, my recipes for Chantrelles are pretty predictable. I tend to explore and experiment with recipes, never repeating a recipe twice, so I am probably not the best person to pass on a really good recipe. However, the number of recipes online is boggling!!,( and I am sure most are great). I would just look up “recipes for Chantrelles” online and pick out the ones that seem most straight forward and appropriate for my needs. I suggest you consider doing the same. I can tell you they are great sauteed, with garlic, butter and white wine, wonderful in or with rice and pasta dishes. They are excellent baked, in a broth or with meat, usually a light or white meat. Chantrelles go well with light to medium ripe cheeses, are great in stuffings and if the mushrooms are fresh and tender, they make a nice addition to salads for their slightly peppery taste and their yellow colour. Before or after marinating!

 

A marinade with whole Allspice, balsamic vinegar, lemon juice, salt, pepper and fresh herbs never lasts long in our house. Chantrelles can be sautéed, added to soups and sauces and pickled or canned. They do not dry well, as they can become tough when dried and slow to regain tenderness with reconstitution in warm water. If dried thoroughly, they can be powdered in a coffee grinder and added to soups and sauces, dressings and kept for years if stored in an airtight container in a relatively cool and dark place.

 

Pickled mushrooms can keep for a year if canned hot in sterile jars, or for a few weeks if kept in the fridge and not canned. Pickling or canning mushrooms is an ideal way to preserve your harvest especially if you have a variety of mushrooms that you are familiar with, but do not have an abundance of any one kind in particular, or if you have many smaller specimens or broken pieces.

 

There are many good books and reference guides to identifying and using mushrooms as food and as medicine, both in the digital online world and the physical world. Our children would benefit from an early introduction to this fascinating and mysterious part of nature. Mushrooms are beautiful too!! There is so much more to be learned from mushrooms and so much more that needs to be studied, it will be our children that add that knowledge to our common mind in the near future. Let’s open that door for them, and get them started now.

 

So happy foraging, there are many more weeks left to find, learn, share and enjoy the bounty of wild mushrooms that awaits us this year all over Ontario. So gird yourselves with baskets and books, kids and cars, and make sure you take advantage of this years gifts from Nature.

 

And remember,” when in doubt, throw it out” and of course, always take notes,(and photos!), your future self will thank you.

 

Dan

 

 

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